Category Archives: Write It forward
Survival Friday: Excerpt from the The Green Survival Guide
The first issue is going to be communicating. It is unlikely you will all be in the same place when a disaster strikes. We are overly reliant on cell phone communication. In a moderate or extreme emergency, it is likely that this service will either be interrupted (lack of power, towers destroyed) or overwhelmed with too many people trying to call at the same time. On 9-11, many people were frustrated in their attempts to use their cell phones.
Also, if there is an extended power outage, even if service isn’t interrupted, will you be able to recharge your cell phones? There are hand crank and solar rechargers for cell phones. Actually, under equipment we’ll discuss all-in-one hand crank flashlight/emergency radio/cell phone chargers.
Texting has a higher likelihood of getting through than voice, so consider that if you are unable to get a call through during an emergency.
When you consider using a GPS on your cell phone, remember that in most cases, the mapping information is being downloaded from your net. Thus if your service is interrupted, your cell phone GPS can tell you where you are, but it might not display the map. Consider a back-up standard GPS where the maps are loaded into the device. Also, understand that the GPS on your cell is also a way you can be tracked by people who have access to the technology. Most people don’t understand that they are basically carrying a tracking device with them all the time (their cell phone).
There are other options.
GMRS and FRS radios work well for short distances, but their range is limited. If you are interested in learning about radio waves, etc. go to another source. Suffice it to say, that any system you use, make sure you test it. A problem with these systems is they require power to work. These usually work line of sight. So while the manufacturer might state they work 30-40 miles, the reality is, in uneven terrain, their effectiveness will be more limited. If purchasing these types of radios, get ones that run on 12 volt DC or rechargeable battery packs. It helps if they can also run on conventional batteries as you should have a supply of those on hand.
Here is a hand crank two emergency radio with some decent range, the Midland XT511 GMRS Two-Way Emergency Crank: http://goo.gl/VnBxG Midland XTF11 GMRS Two-Way Emergency Crank Radio
CB radios are also an option, with greater range. Again, power consumption is a problem. Also, no matter what system you use, remember that anyone can be listening in on your frequency. If you don’t live near water that people boat on, a sneaky way to communicate can be to get VDC marine radios. The bottom line, however, is assume any transmission you make is being listened to by others. So don’t be broadcasting to a team member “oh my gosh, we have so much food here, we don’t know what to do with it. Hurry up and join us for the feast tonight.” You might end up with too many dinner guests.
In Special Forces we encrypted all our transmissions. The easiest way for your team is to have a short list of code words that mean various things.
Here are some to consider making a codeword for:
- Link up at home
- Link up at EERP
- Primary shelter compromised
- Hide site compromised
- A system for days of the week and how many weeks hence. This allows you to coordinate a link up
- If you sit for a few minutes and talk it out with team members, you will quickly realize there is a bunch of information you would want to transmit back and forth. Make up your lists accordingly.
- Not only do code words make your communication more secure, they can also shorten your transmission time, which is always a plus as it saves power.
- The simplest way to encrypt is to use a trigraph and the same source document and pages.
Here is a link to how we used trigraphs on an A-Team to code our messages:
Pick two times a day to make communication. Muck like Will Smith in I Am Legend, pick a certain time when members on your team will know your system is on. This allows you to save battery life. It also allows you to focus on other things, rather than hanging around the radio all day.
In Special Forces we had two communications sergeants on each A-Team, an indication of how valuable we viewed this skill. While we are now overly reliant on satellite communications, these men are trained on other types of radios, including high frequency. A local Ham radio operator might be a good person to get to know. They might end up being the only one getting information from the “outside” world.
There is something that can seriously disrupt communications. A TV show called Revolution is focusing on this: Electromagnetic Pulse. EMP could be caused by two primary sources: the detonation of a nuclear weapon or a natural event from space, most likely a large solar flare. In the case of the nuke, an EMP nuclear event is actually a more likelier terrorist scenario in my opinion than a physically destructive nuclear blast. What I mean is that for an EMP attack to be effective, the weapon does not need to be detonated inside our borders. A short-range ballistic missile carrying an EMP or nuclear warhead launched off our coast or from a plane outside our borders could have a devastating effect, especially if it targets large centers, such as New York City. Over thirty countries have this capability. EMP is a high-intensity burst of electromagnetic particles.
The EMP blast would seriously disrupt our electronic infrastructure. Your power is gone. Which leads to your water and sewer systems being gone. Most planes and cars would no longer work (sucks if you’re in the air when this happens, and yes I do think about it, along with that gremlin on the wing unscrewing the bolts). Computers would no longer work. All electronic records, unless they are shielded, will be wiped out. Pretty much every usual means of communication would be gone.
Every book is an adventure in writing, but there is one tool I have consistently used from my very first book and with every single one of the next 60 some odd that followed: The Story Grid.
After a couple of decades together, my wife has learned my few and far between foibles. One of them is a lack of attention to detail. I’m a big picture guy. If my wife wants to hide something from me in the fridge all she has to do is put it behind something. If she needs me to get something for her, she knows to give me very detailed instructions down to exactly what drawer, where in the drawer it is, and exactly what it is. Or I’m like Cool Gus: I’ll come back with the first ball I find.
I have the same problem writing. I can “see” the big picture of the book in my brain. But once I start writing, I tend to forget what I’ve written. So I use a physical, external device, to help me: the Story Grid.
It goes to the left of my keyboard (I’m left-handed) for every book as I’m writing. I fill it in as I’m writing. I use a red ink pen. Then I update the Excel sheet and print it out every day.
Every row is a scene in the book.
The columns depend on the type of story (do I need a countdown? Greenwich Mean Time?) but generally go thusly:
Chapter #; start page; end page; time/date; location; a brief summary of the action.
Here is an example from a work in progress, Nightstalkers: The Time Patrol which will be published on 25 Nov this year. In this case, instead of time/date, I use a 48 hour countdown because a clock is started leading to the end of the world as we know it in 48 hours. Most of it makes no sense to you, but since I’ve written the scenes, it reminds me immediately of what’s been done. It’s also a good way to see the flow of the book.
Note that what has been written ends at the beginning of Chapter 8. Everything below that is notes and future scenes that I put there as they occur to me. At the bottom are some notes from previous books in the series with terms I need, but can’t remember. Some of the terms near the bottom in bold are story loops I need to close out for various characters. I also can add in a word count each day, to keep me on task.
Being able to put everything on one page makes it much easier for me to keep track. So if you’re not a good detail person, consider something like this. If you are a good detail person, but not a good big picture person, consider something like Jennifer Crusie’s collages, where she puts together a diorama that physically represents the entire story and can have it in her office where she can see it all the time.
On entirely different matter, we’d like feedback on these covers. We’re putting together a library sampler of all my books, consisting of one downloadable book that has every cover, author note on every book, brief description and opening chapter. We think this is a way readers can ‘browse’ my books for free. We’ll announce the launch of the sampler with links for download in a week or so here at Write It Forward. If you sign up for my newsletter (only sent out a couple times a year) you’ll have access to exclusive content from works in project I’ll be posting on-line soon, looking for reader feedback. Parts of the book from the story grid above will be the first to be posted. Sign up is to the left.
Just number them 1 thru 5, left to write, for your comments.
Survival Friday: Excerpt from The Green Beret Survival Guide
Organizing Your Neighborhood/Work Place
This is particularly key in moderate emergencies. During natural disasters such as hurricane, flood, extreme weather, wild fire, etc. an organized neighborhood can be essential to survival. When I say neighborhood, I also mean your work place. During 9-11, offices that were well organized and had emergency evacuation plans with designated personnel acting in key positions had much higher survival rates. Does your place of business have an emergency plan? Is it practiced? Remember in school when you had fire drills? Does your place of business have the same?
One thing to ask yourself is what are the boundaries of a neighborhood? Realistically, you’re looking at around fifteen to twenty households. Larger than that and it can become unwieldy.
Your neighborhood might already have such a team. If so, join it and find out how well organized and prepared they are. If not, then take it on yourself to start one. Usually your larger community will have resources to help you do this. Check emergency services and the Red Cross.
Check out the resources in your neighborhood. Do you know who your neighbors are and what they do for a living? What special skills they have? That person you think is a nurse going off to work in her scrubs might actually be someone who works at a kennel washing dogs. Don’t make assumptions.
You need to identify people who have the following skills and experience:
- law enforcement and military
- child care
Inventory equipment in the neighborhood:
- chain saws
- four wheel drive vehicles
- CB and other radios
- water purifying systems
Inventory the neighborhood:
- where are all the natural gas meters and propane tanks?
- who needs special help? Focus on the handicapped, the elderly, and children who might be home alone at periods of the day.
- each household should have large placards made up with OKAY on one side and HELP on the other. Use fluorescent colored poster board available at your local supermarket. Have this stored near a front window under a rug. Display as needed.
- determine where the neighborhood gathering site will be. People should go here before trying to run around and rescue others. Organization saves time and lives.
- have a contact list tree. In the military we always had alert systems. This is a way of communicating so each person knows who they are responsible for contacting.
By Jen Talty
The way in which we buy books is changing. We have fewer bookstores and the major retailers are cutting back on their space of books and racking only the top names. I was at an airport recently where the only books I saw were Divergent and a bunch of books by Tom Clancy. At another airport, just the top 20 from the NY Times and a display case of Tom Clancy books. The sad part for me was that I because of this I got no new ideas for new authors or new books to load onto my Kindle. The last recommendation I got for a book (that wasn’t from Bob or his wife) came from a stranger on an airplane who was reading on his Kindle and asked me what I was reading on mine and proceeded to talk books for about an hour.
Back in the day, before the internet, when we actually had to leave our house to shop for things, books were found in end caps, coop space, recommendations by our local bookstore and perhaps some paid advertising. Browsing was done by walking through the shelves and feeling and touching. Now we browse the digital shelves and it is harder and harder to find books. Actually, that’s not true. It’s easy to find books, but are we finding the books we want? Right now, at a conference is going on across the pond Jon Fine of Amazon was quoted as saying, “ We’ve created this tsunami of content. It’s a high class problem to have too many stories. We, as tech companies, publishers, authors, service providers, have to find ways to help stories find the right audience. This discoverability problem is the next big challenge.” We always love listening to Jon Fine. Smart man and very pragmatic.
One book recommendation I will make to anyone who does business with Amazon or is in internet marketing, internet sales, or the book business is to read The Everything Store. It’s fascinating and really gives the reader a good look into the world of Amazon. One thing the book does talk about is customers and their role. Amazon is very customer-centric.
For authors, our customers are our readers. Readers play a very important role in authors’ lives; besides paying the bills, they have the power to spread the word. They do that in a variety of ways. Telling a stranger on an airplane, gifting or lending a book (ebook or physical book), discussing it in a book club, talking about it on-line at places like Goodreads and of course, writing reviews.
The idea Jon touches on, this discoverability challenge, is one both the author and the reader face. The author needs to be able to get their books in the right “algorithm” so to speak, and the customer needs to know how to search for exactly what they are looking for (especially when they are looking for something new, not necessarily the named author). Sometimes I think I’m the only one who notices small tweaks on the Amazon site or on my Kindle, that are helping me find books I didn’t know exist based on my own unique shopping history on the site (which probably makes those algorithms go, ‘her again? Please not here, she’s not normal’).” Actually, I’ve seen how this works in a tighter, smaller environment with my new Amazon Fire TV. I’m already getting very unique suggestions just based on what I’ve been watching on Prime and frankly, they are right on. I just watched a show this weekend called Orphan Black that I had never heard of and probably wouldn’t have found if Amazon hadn’t given me that recommendation. But, that has nothing to do with Reviews. Back to Reviews.
The first thing to note about reviews is you can’t look at reviews, or anything as author, based on what YOU do. You are not the normal average customer. You are skewed because you have inside information about the business. What is important is that there are different types of customers who look at various things differently, so the moment you think or say, ‘but this is how I find things, or I do things’, let it go. Doesn’t count. There are people who will buy anything that is free or under a dollar or on sale. There are people who will only pay full price. There are people that only buy from the top 10 on any given list. There are a wide variety of customers who make their decision based on something we might have not even thought about.
Reviews are important because they now represent a recommendation during the browsing process, especially when a potential customer stumbles onto your book page while looking for a certain topic. Not necessarily each review is a recommendation, but the overall average star rating along with how many reviews and whether or not you have both good and bad reviews. Yes, they both count in both positive and negative ways. I’m not going to get into the Amazon Algorithms and how reviews may or may not affect them. There are so many things that go into the Algorithms, and yes, reviews are one of them, but only one of many considerations.
Another thing to consider is that not every reader is going to leave a review. Some only do so if they hate it. Or if they love it. And some leave them for everything they buy. Here is something to consider. You don’t exist unless you have pagans (haters). This comes from the book Primal Branding, which I also recommend authors read since “branding” is such a buzz word, but it will help you build your author identity, which essentially is your brand.
The more we shop on-line, the more important reviews become. So how do we get them? That’s an excellent question. Discoverability is the key. Finding the right audience. Bob said something to me early on in our partnership and that was as we go broader on the internet, we need to narrow it down to niche.
From Bob: Sometimes I feel like kryptonite. While we have almost 100,000 subscribers to this blog, we get very few comments. And while I’ve had #1 bestsellers in various categories (science fiction, men’s adventure, thriller) on Kindle, considering the volume of books I sell, I get relatively few reviews. I’m not sure why that is. But I have definitely picked up from my contacts at 47North and Amazon that reviews are very, very important. In fact, the reality is that some decision making on marketing has been taken out of human hands and relies solely on algorithms, which rely heavily on both number and quality of reviews. And I do read them in order to get feedback from my readers. So I invite you—if you’ve read some of my books, stop by on Amazon and leave a few sentences or more. In a very important way, readers are shaping the future of publishing and authors’ careers more than ever before. I think that’s a good thing. We’ve removed a lot of the gatekeepers in between, and it’s ultimately the author-reader relationship that rules!
Nothing but good times ahead.